Wednesday, February 28, 2018

RIP Rogelio Guerra

Rogelio Guerra dies, legendary Mexican telenovela beau

El Espectador
February 28, 2018

The actor, whose real name was Hildegardo, was known for several productions of theater, film and television, although the telenovela "Los ricos también lloran" (1979), exported to several countries and dubbed into several languages ​​such as Polish, Russian and Japanese, It was one of his most famous.

Mexican soap opera actor Rogelio Guerra, famous for dramas such as "Los ricos también lloran", died Wednesday in Mexico City at age 81, the National Association of Performers reported.

 "We send your family and friends a solidary hug with our deepest condolences," the organization said in a brief statement broadcast on social networks.

 Guerra, whose real name was Hildegardo, was known for several productions of theater, film and television, although the telenovela "The rich also cry" (1979), exported to several countries and dubbed into several languages ​​such as Polish, Russian and Japanese, was one of the most famous.

 Rubio and with an elegant demeanor, Guerra was for a long time one of the best-known gallants of Mexican soap operas.

 He was born in 1936 in the city of Aguascalientes, and began his career in the sixties with cowboy films in which he played the role of the heartthrob.

 "Thanks to his physique he was very besieged by the fans, who constantly gathered outside of where he had locations, just to be able to see him," he says on his site Televisa, the largest producer of Spanish-language audiovisual content, where Guerra played a large part of his career.

 In addition, he lent his voice to other movie characters in films such as "The Lord of the Rings."

 In his last years he suffered brain damage that prevented him from talking and walking, so he was in the care of his family.

GUERRA, Rogelio (Hildegardo Francisco Guerra Martinez)
Born: 10/8/1936, Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes, Mexico
Died: 2/28/2018, Mexico City, Federal District, Mexico

Rogelio Guerra’s westerns – actor:
El solitario - 1964 (Rubén)
Las hijas del Zorro – 1964
El secreto del texano – 1966
Outside the Law – 1966
Tierra de violencia - 1966 (Tony)
Vuelve el Texano - 1966
Rancho solo – 1967
Chico Ramos – 1971
Eye for an Eye – 1971 (Joe Carson)
La Martina – 1972 (El Plateado)
Duelo al atardecer - 1973
Guns and Guts – 1974 (escaped prisoner)
Los doce malditos - 1974

Sunday, February 25, 2018

RIP Ilse Petri

Ilse Petri, theater, film, TV actress died in Munich, Germany on February 3, 2018. She was 99.

Petri was born on March 20, 2018 in Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany as the daughter of the Prussian Colonel Hans Petri and his wife Lucie, born Tempeltey. Ilse attended the Lyceum in Potsdam where he received two years of private acting lessons from Ilka Grüning and then completed a four-year vocal training.

Petri received the mediation of Camilla Horn even before the beginning of her stage career her first film role at the age of 17 in Das Mädchen vom Moorhof (1935). Also in The Rape of the Sabine Women, the well-known first film adaptation of the play of the same name from 1934 by Robert A. Stemmle with Bernhard Wildenhain, Max Gülstorff, Maria Koppenhöfer, Hilde Sessak and Trude Hesterberg, she was only 18. She played a major role in the 1936 comedy Donner, Blitz und Sonnenschein with Karl Valentin and Liesl Karlstadt.

Petri had also been seen on Berlin stages since the 1930s, in such plays as the Volksbühne, the Theater am Schiffbauerdamm, and the Kabarett der Komiker. After the Second World War, she continued to act in the theater and was mainly known with the play Fanfaren der Liebe (1951) with Dieter Borsche, Georg Thomalla and Inge Egger. Also the continuation of Fanfaren der Ehe  became a success in the movie theaters. She appeared a few time on television, including in series productions such as Der Alte and Die fünfte Kolonne, as well as roles in various Pauker- and Lausbubenfilmen presentatons.

She was married to the late star photographer Joe Niczky wo died in 1986, the son of the artist Rolf Niczky and she lived in Munich-Bogenhausen.

Born: 3/20/1918, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
Died: 3/3/2018, Munich, Bavaria, Germany

Ilse Petri’s western – actress:
Women for Golden Hill – 1938 (Margaret)

Saturday, February 24, 2018

RIP Christian Rode

Voice dubbing legend Christian Rode has died

TV Wunschliste
By Bernd Krannich

Christian Rode is dead. The actor, dubbing and radio play spokesman was 81 years, as the Westphalian News citing his spokesman and the agency voice reports. Accordingly, the artist died on the weekend in Berlin in the presence of his wife.
For decades, Rode understood as a voice actor and audiobook productions, with its deep timbre to captivate audiences and listeners. The career of the native hamburger began on stage and in front of the camera. In the mid-1950s, Rode completed his theatrical debut, a decade later he had worked his way up to film and television, where he also worked in international productions thanks to his language skills. In 1960 he was a cast of the famous "Faust" staging, in which Rode's mentor Gustaf Gründgens played the Mephisto. Other films with Rode are "Winnetou and his friend Old Firehand" and the filming of "It does not always have to be caviar".

From the mid-1960s found Rode reinforced in the film synchronization employment - almost ten years earlier, he had failed in his first speaker test with flying flags and had then turned the profession over a longer term back. Among the performers to whom Rode frequently lent the German voice were Michael Caine, David Carradine ("Torches in the Storm"), Craig T. Nelson (about in “Parenthood”), Robert Culp, Christopher Plummer, Barry Bostwick (about in "Chaos City") and Dennis Farina (about in "Law & Order" ). He was also the successor as spokesman for Bert from the "Sesame Street" After his original spokesman Wolfgang Kieling died in 1985. Rode portrayed more than 600 roles in the dubbing studio.
From the 1970s, Rode increasingly opened up the production of radio plays as another foothold. According to the Talker Lounge, he has appeared on more than 100 productions on the label Europa alone (including "Masters of the Universe"), in a recent reissue of the works of Arthur Conan Doyle of Verlagsgruppe-Hermann he spoke to Sherlock Holmes. One of the last roles of Rode was according to the sync file in the fourth episode of the upcoming ProSieben series "The Orville" ,
From 2007, Christian Rode had engaged in the speaker school of his colleague Carmen Molinar , which was renamed in 2014 in his honor Christian Rode Sprechschule . Rode. I had on one of the latter Dreamland CDs still the congratulations to his eighth birthday last year heard. One of the voices that I've heard and liked from a young age has been silenced forever.

RODE, Christian
Born: 7/20/1936, Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
Died: 2/15/2018, Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Christian Rode’s westerns – voice dubber, actor:

Fernand Cowboy – 1956 [German voice of Jess Hahn]
The Hills Run Red – 1966 [German voice of Thomas Hunter]
Return of the Seven – 1966 [German voice of Fernando Rey]
Thunder at the Border – 1966 [also voice of Boris Dvornik]
Don’t Wait Dango… Shoot – 1967 [German voice of Ivan Scratuglia]
Kitosch, the Man Who Came from the North – 1967 [German voice of Piero Lulli]
Ringo, the Face of Revenge – 1967 [German voice of Anthony Steffen]
Wind in den Zweigen des Sassafras (TV) – 1968 (Carlos)
Guns for San Sebastian – 1969 [German voice of Jorge Russek]
Companeros! – 1970 [German voice of unknown actors]
Have a Good Funeral – 1970 [German voice of Franco Resel]
Sartana Kills Them All – 1970 [German voice of Raf Baldassare]
A Coffin Full of Dollars – 1971 [German voice of Jeff Cameron]
Johnny Yuma – 1972 [German voice of Anthony La Penne]
Vengeance Trail – 1971 [German voice of Ivan Rassimov]
Deadly Trackers – 1972 [German voice of Emilo Vale]
The Sting of the West – 1972 [German voice Riccardo Garrone]
The Crazy Bunch – 1974 [German voice of Riccardo Garrone]
The White, the Yellow, the Black – 1975 [German voice of Jacques Berthier]
The New Zorro (TV) – 1990 [German voice of Adam West, Jim Carter]

Friday, February 23, 2018

RIP Nanette Fabray

Nanette Fabray, Star of TV and Stage Comedies, Dies at 97.

New York Times
By Anita Gates
February 23, 2018

Nanette Fabray, whose enthusiastic charm, wide smile and diverse talents made her a Tony Award-winning performer in the 1940s and an Emmy Award-winning comic actress in the 1950s, died on Thursday at her home in Palos Verdes, Calif. She was 97.

Her son, Dr. Jamie MacDougall, confirmed her death.

Ms. Fabray was 28 when she received the Tony for best actress in a musical for her performance in “Love Life,” a collection of sketches with lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner and music by Kurt Weill. It was her seventh Broadway show and followed her success in Jule Styne and Sammy Cahn’s “High Button Shoes” the season before. Brooks Atkinson, writing about that musical in The New York Times, had called her “a neatly designed show-shop ingénue with considerable crackle.”

In 1956 she won two Emmy Awards, as best comedienne (as the category was then known) and best actress in a supporting role, for her work on “Caesar’s Hour,” the follow-up to “Your Show of Shows,” in which Sid Caesar had starred with Imogene Coca.

The next year, Ms. Fabray won another Emmy for the series, 10 months after she had been dismissed by the producers. Years later she said she had been fired because her agent made demands for her third-season contract that the producers considered Ms. Fabray nearly gave her life for the show. In 1955, she was hospitalized for almost two weeks after being knocked unconscious by a falling pipe backstage during a broadcast. 

The stage and the small screen turned out to be Ms. Fabray’s métiers, but she started out in film. Her first movie role was as a lady-in-waiting to Elizabeth I (Bette Davis) in “The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex” (1939). In that and the two other film dramas she made that year, she was billed as Nanette Fabares. She changed the spelling of her surname after too many public mispronunciations.

Ms. Fabray had one notable film success: the Comden and Green musical “The Band Wagon” (1953), directed by Vincente Minnelli. The film included the number “Triplets,” in which she, Fred Astaire and Jack Buchanan played infants, with adult-size heads and torsos but short, stubby baby legs.
Ruby Nanette Bernadette Theresa Fabares was born on Oct. 27, 1920, in San Diego. Her family soon moved to Los Angeles, where Nanette began working in vaudeville at age 4. Her father, Raul, was a train engineer; her mother, the former Lily McGovern, took in boarders. Ms. Fabray recalled that her other childhood job was ironing lodgers’ shirts.

She attended Los Angeles Junior College and studied acting with the Austrian-born director Max Reinhardt, but she had academic difficulties because of an undiagnosed hearing problem. The problem was eventually corrected by surgery, and she became a spokeswoman and advocate for the hearing-impaired.

Ms. Fabray was 21 when she appeared in her first Broadway show, “Let’s Face It,” (1941), a musical comedy, starring Danny Kaye and Eve Arden, about three married women who hire soldiers as escorts. She left the show in 1943 to take a small replacement role in Rodgers and Hart’s “By Jupiter.”

After appearing in two short-lived shows, “My Dear Public” and “Jackpot,” Ms. Fabray replaced Celeste Holm in 1945 as the star of Harold Arlen and Yip Harburg’s “Bloomer Girl,” a musical comedy set in the 1860s. Two years later she married one of the show’s publicists, David Tebet. They divorced in 1951, and in 1957 she married Ranald MacDougall, a screenwriter.

Mr. MacDougall died in 1973. Besides her son, Ms. Fabray is survived by two grandchildren.
Although she continued to work on Broadway after her Tony win, Ms. Fabray began concentrating on television. Her first credited appearance was on “The Chevrolet Tele-Theater” in 1949, but she had already been involved in demonstrations of the new medium.

After the Caesar show, Ms. Fabray attempted a sitcom of her own, but “The Nanette Fabray Show” (1961), also known as “Westinghouse Playhouse,” lasted less than a season. She went on to four decades of television movies and guest appearances on series, including “Love, American Style,” “The Mary Tyler Moore Show” (as Ms. Moore’s mother), “One Day at a Time” (as Bonnie Franklin’s mother) and the 1990s sitcom “Coach,” on which she played the mother of her real-life niece Shelley Fabares.

Back on the New York stage in 1963, she received a Tony nomination for her role as a fictional first lady in “Mr. President,” Irving Berlin’s last Broadway show. Her final Broadway appearance went less well: “No Hard Feelings,” a 1973 comedy that also starred Eddie Albert, closed after opening night.

Ms. Fabray continued to do stage work (in 2007 she appeared in “The Damsel Dialogues” in Sherman Oaks, Calif.), but said more than once that live television was her first love. As she told a reporter for The New York Times in 1955, “It involves a form of insanity that reminds me of make-believe games that you played as a child.”

When asked about her career, she declared that comic ability was unteachable but acknowledged one factor in her success. During her third Broadway show, she told the Archive of American Television in 2004, things changed because “I fell in love with the audience, and I fell in love with performing.”

FABRAY, Nanette (Ruby Nanette Bernadette Theresa Fabares)
Born: 10/27/1920, San Diego, California, U.S.A.
Died: 2/22/2018, Palos Verdes, California, U.S.A.

Nanette Fabray’s westerns – actress:
Laramie (TV) – 1959 (Essie Bright(
Cockeyed Cowboys of Calico County – 1970 (Sadie)

Wednesday, February 21, 2018

RIP Billy Graham

Billy Graham, 99, Dies; Pastor Filled Stadiums and Counseled Presidents

New York Times
By Laurie Goodstein
February 21, 2018

The Rev. Billy Graham, a North Carolina farmer’s son who preached to millions in stadium events he called crusades, becoming a pastor to presidents and the nation’s best-known Christian evangelist for more than 60 years, died on Wednesday at his home. He was 99.

His death was confirmed by Jeremy Blume, a spokesman for the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association.

Mr. Graham had dealt with a number of illnesses in his last years, including prostate cancer, hydrocephalus (a buildup of fluid in the brain) and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.

Mr. Graham spread his influence across the country and around the world through a combination of religious conviction, commanding stage presence and shrewd use of radio, television and advanced communication technologies.

A central achievement was his encouraging evangelical Protestants to regain the social influence they had once wielded, reversing a retreat from public life that had begun when their efforts to challenge evolution theory were defeated in the Scopes trial in 1925.

But in his later years, Mr. Graham kept his distance from the evangelical political movement he had helped engender, refusing to endorse candidates and avoiding the volatile issues dear to religious conservatives.

“If I get on these other subjects, it divides the audience on an issue that is not the issue I’m promoting,” he said in an interview at his home in North Carolina in 2005 while preparing for his last American crusade, in New York City. “I’m just promoting the Gospel.”

Mr. Graham took the role of evangelist to a new level, lifting it from the sawdust floors of canvas tents in small-town America to the podiums of packed stadiums in the world’s major cities. He wrote some 30 books and was among the first to use new communication technologies for religious purposes. During his “global crusade” from Puerto Rico in 1995, his sermons were translated simultaneously into 48 languages and transmitted to 185 countries by satellite.

Mr. Graham’s standing as a religious leader was unusual: Unlike the pope or the Dalai Lama, he spoke for neither a particular church (though he was a Southern Baptist) nor a particular people.

At times, he seemed to fill the role of national clergyman. He read from Scripture at President Richard M. Nixon’s funeral in California in 1994, offered prayers at a service in the National Cathedral for victims of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks and, despite his failing health, traveled to New Orleans in 2006 to preach to survivors of Hurricane Katrina.

His reach was global, and he was welcomed even by repressive leaders like Kim Il-sung of North Korea, who invited him to preach in Pyongyang’s officially sanctioned churches.

In his younger days, Mr. Graham became a role model for aspiring evangelists, prompting countless young men to copy his cadences, his gestures and even the way he combed his wavy blond hair.

He was not without critics. Early in his career, some mainline Protestant leaders and theologians accused him of preaching a simplistic message of personal salvation that ignored the complexities of societal problems like racism and poverty. Later, critics said he had shown political naïveté in maintaining a close public association with Nixon long after Nixon had been implicated in the cover-up of the Watergate break-in.

Mr. Graham’s image was tainted in 2002 with the release of audiotapes that Nixon had secretly recorded in the White House three decades earlier. The two men were heard agreeing that liberal Jews controlled the media and were responsible for pornography.

“A lot of the Jews are great friends of mine,” Mr. Graham said at one point on the tapes. “They swarm around me and are friendly to me because they know that I’m friendly with Israel. But they don’t know how I really feel about what they are doing to this country.”

Mr. Graham issued a written apology and met with Jewish leaders. In the interview in 2005, he said of the conversation with Nixon: “I didn’t remember it, I still don’t remember it, but it was there. I guess I was sort of caught up in the conversation somehow.”

In the last few decades, a new generation of evangelists, including Mr. Graham’s elder son, Franklin Graham, began developing their own followings. In November 1995, on his 77th birthday, Mr. Graham named Franklin to succeed him as head of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. His daughter Anne Graham Lotz and his grandsons Will Graham and William Graham Tullian Tchividjian are also in ministry.

Franklin Graham has drawn criticism since the Sept. 11 attacks for denigrating Islam. His father, however, retained the respect of vast numbers of Americans, enough to earn him dozens of appearances on Gallup’s annual list of the world’s 10 most admired men and women.

With a warm, courtly manner that was readily apparent both to stadium crowds and to those who met him face to face, Mr. Graham could be a riveting presence. At 6-foot-2, with a handsomely rugged profile fit for Hollywood westerns, he would hold his Bible aloft and declare that Scripture offered “the answer to every human longing.”

Mr. Graham drew his essential message from the mainstream of evangelical Protestant belief. Repent of your sins, he told his listeners, accept Jesus as your Savior and be born again. In a typical exhortation, he declared: “Are you frustrated, bewildered, dejected, breaking under the strains of life? Then listen for a moment to me: Say yes to the Savior tonight, and in a moment you will know such comfort as you have never known. It comes to you quickly, as swiftly as I snap my fingers, just like that.”

Mr. Graham always closed by asking his listeners to “come forward” and commit to a life of Christian faith. When they did so, his well-oiled organization would match new believers with nearby churches. Many thousands of people say they were first brought to church by a Billy Graham crusade.

At the dedication of the Billy Graham Library in Charlotte, N.C., in June 2007, former President Bill Clinton said of Mr. Graham, “When he prays with you in the Oval Office or upstairs in the White House, you feel like he is praying for you, not the president.”

As a popular evangelist, Mr. Graham was by no means unique in American history. George Whitefield in the mid-18th century, Charles G. Finney and Dwight L. Moody in the 19th century, and Billy Sunday at the turn of the 20th were all capable of drawing vast crowds.

But none of them combined the ambition, the talent for organization and the reach of Mr. Graham, who had the advantages of jet travel and electronic media to convey his message. In 2007, the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association, with 750 employees, estimated that he had preached the Gospel to more than 215 million people in more than 185 countries and territories since beginning his crusades in Grand Rapids, Mich., in October 1947. He reached hundreds of millions more on television, through video and in film.

“This is not mass evangelism,” Mr. Graham liked to say, “but personal evangelism on a mass scale.”

William Franklin Graham Jr. — Billy Frank to his family and friends as a boy — was born near Charlotte on Nov. 7, 1918, the first of four children of William Franklin Graham and Morrow Coffey Graham. He was descended on both sides from pre-Revolution Scottish settlers, and both his grandfathers were Confederate soldiers.

Though the Grahams were Reformed Presbyterians, and though his father insisted on daily readings of the Bible, Billy Frank was an unenthusiastic Christian. He was more interested in reading history, playing baseball and dreaming of becoming a professional ballplayer. His worldliness, his father thought, was mischievous and devilish.

It was the Rev. Mordecai Ham, an itinerant preacher from Kentucky, who was credited with “saving” Billy Graham, in the autumn of 1934, when Billy was 16. After attending Mr. Ham’s revival sessions on a Charlotte street corner several nights in a row, Billy walked up to Mr. Ham to make a “decision for Christ.”

“I can’t say that I felt anything spectacular,” Mr. Graham recalled years later. “I felt very little emotion. I shed no tears. In fact, when I saw others had tears in their eyes, I felt like a hypocrite, and this disturbed me a little. I’m sure I had a tremendous sense of conviction: The Lord did speak to me about certain things in my life. I’m certain of that, but I can’t remember what they were.”

Returning home with a friend that night, Mr. Graham said, he thought: “Now I’ve gotten saved. Now whatever I do can’t unsave me. Even if I killed somebody, I can’t ever be unsaved now.”

After he graduated from high school in 1936, Mr. Graham spent the summer selling Fuller brushes door to door before spending an unhappy semester at Bob Jones College, then an unaccredited, fundamentalist school in Cleveland, Tenn. (It is now Bob Jones University, in Greenville, S.C.) He then went to another unaccredited but less restrictive institution, the Florida Bible Institute (now Trinity College), near Tampa.

It was there, he wrote in his 1997 autobiography, “Just as I Am,” that he felt God calling him to the ministry. The call came, he said, during a late-night walk on a golf course. “I got down on my knees at the edge of one of the greens,” he wrote. “Then I prostrated myself on the dewy turf. ‘O God,’ I sobbed, ‘if you want me to serve you, I will.’ ”

“All the surroundings stayed the same,” he continued. “No sign in the heavens. No voice from above. But in my spirit I knew I had been called to the ministry. And I knew my answer was yes.”

After graduating from the Bible Institute, Mr. Graham went to Wheaton College in Illinois, among the nation’s most respected evangelical colleges. At Wheaton, from which he received a degree in anthropology in 1943, he met Ruth McCue Bell, a fellow student whose father was Dr. L. Nelson Bell, a prominent Presbyterian missionary surgeon who had spent many years in China.

Soon after marrying Mrs. Bell in 1943, Mr. Graham accepted the pulpit of the First Baptist Church in Western Springs, Ill., a Chicago suburb. (It later changed its name to the Village Church.) He imbued his sermons with the brand of interdenominational appeal that was to be his hallmark.

It was also in 1943 that he was invited to take over “Songs in the Night,” a Sunday hour of sermonizing and gospel singing broadcast by a Chicago radio station. The program introduced him to electronic evangelism. Its principal singer, the baritone George Beverly Shea, who died in April, would earn fame as a member of the “Billy Graham team.”

In the mid-1940s, Mr. Graham became the chief preacher for the Youth for Christ rallies organized by the Rev. Torrey M. Johnson, a radio evangelist, and George W. Wilson, the owner of a religious bookstore in Minneapolis and a lay leader of the First Baptist Church there. With them, he established the Graham Youth for Christ, which found moderate success holding “crusades” across North America and in Britain.

Mr. Graham’s fortunes took a career-building turn in 1949, thanks in no small measure to the power of the Hearst press. He was holding a three-week “mammoth tent crusade” in downtown Los Angeles inside a 6,000-seat “canvas cathedral” pitched on a vacant lot. The newspaper ads proclaimed him “America’s sensational young evangelist.” But what really caught the attention of the aged newspaper baron William Randolph Hearst was that Mr. Graham was preaching a fiery brand of anti-Communism.

From his retreat in San Simeon, Calif., Mr. Hearst is said to have issued a terse directive: “Puff Graham.”

“The Hearst newspapers gave me enormous publicity, and the others soon followed,” Mr. Graham said years later. “Suddenly, what a clergyman was saying was in the headlines everywhere, and so was the box score of commitments to Christ each night.” Time, Newsweek and Life magazines followed suit.

Mr. Graham began taking his “Crusade for Christ” on the road. In 1957, he drew more than two million people to a series of rallies, extended to 16 weeks, at Madison Square Garden in New York. The crusades became international: One, in West Germany, was televised live in 10 other European countries. In 1966, he preached to nearly one million people in London.

As Mr. Graham’s popularity grew, so did his stature with Christian critics who had dismissed his interpretation of Scripture as overly literal. (He told his audiences, for example, that heaven was a physical place, though not necessarily in this solar system.)

Early on, he abandoned the practice, common among Southern fundamentalists, of speaking only before racially segregated audiences. He refused to “preach Jim Crow,” as he put it, and in the turbulent 1960s made several “visits of racial conciliation” to the South.

Mr. Graham pledged to local church sponsors that all donations would be used for crusade expenses, with any excess going to his Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. His own compensation, he said, would be limited to his expenses plus “the salary of a fairly well-paid local minister,” or about $50,000 in 1980 (the equivalent of about $142,000 today). The association’s books were always open to inspection.

By maintaining fiscal integrity and personal probity — he stuck to his rule never to be alone with a woman other than his wife — Mr. Graham kept himself untarnished by the kind of sex and money scandals that brought down evangelists and religious broadcasters like Jim Bakker and Jimmy Swaggart in the 1980s.

The Grahams lived on a 200-acre mountain retreat in Montreat, N.C. His wife, Ruth Bell Graham, died in 2007. He is survived by his sons, the Rev. William Franklin III and the Rev. Nelson Graham, known as Ned; three daughters, Virginia Tchividjian (known as Gigi), Anne Graham Lotz and Ruth Graham McIntyre; and numerous grandchildren and great-grandchildren.

Recognizing his influence, presidents made a point of seeking friendly relations with Mr. Graham; Lyndon B. Johnson did so assiduously. Mr. Graham was a frequent guest of Ronald Reagan, and in January 1991, George H. W. Bush invited him to spend the night at the White House the day before American-led forces began bombing Iraq. Mr. Clinton asked Mr. Graham to offer prayers at his inauguration in 1993.

President George W. Bush said that it had been after a walk with Mr. Graham at the Bush family’s compound in Kennebunkport, Me., that Mr. Bush, as a younger man, decided to become more serious about his faith and quit drinking. President Obama visited Mr. Graham at his North Carolina home in 2010.

Of the presidents, Mr. Graham was most closely associated with Nixon. The two had met in the late 1940s, when Nixon was a senator from California. As vice president, Nixon addressed a capacity crowd at Yankee Stadium for the closing meeting of Mr. Graham’s New York crusade in 1957.

In the 1960 presidential campaign, Mr. Graham, a registered Democrat, was strongly sympathetic to Nixon, a Republican, and offered him campaign advice. He went on to endorse Nixon in the 1968 presidential race and allowed that endorsement to be used in television commercials. He gave the invocation at Nixon’s 1969 inauguration and came to be described as Nixon’s unofficial White House chaplain.

Mr. Graham said he had been “innocently unaware” of the storm gathering over Watergate. But when the extent of the scandal became known — disclosures of the break-in and the subsequent cover-up orchestrated by the White House — Mr. Graham tended to look the other way, his critics said.

In 1982, Mr. Graham displeased the Reagan administration when, after a visit to the Soviet Union, he spoke in favor of universal nuclear disarmament. He also visited Russian churches, and his comment that he had seen no evidence of religious repression by the Soviet authorities created a furor among conservative church members in the United States.

It was during this period, in his sixth decade as an evangelist, that Mr. Graham and his organization experimented with new technologies. In 1986, in Paris, he used direct satellite transmissions to carry his sermons to about 30 other French cities. With his crusade in San Juan, P.R., in 1995, he expanded his satellite reach more than sixfold.

Mr. Graham also broke ground by going to places where religious activity was officially restricted, including China and North Korea. The first of his 30 books was “Peace With God,” published in 1953; his last was “Nearing Home,” in 2011.

The Billy Graham Evangelistic Association, with more than 1,000 employees around the world, continues to organize crusades. It also produces Mr. Graham’s “Hour of Decision” global radio program and prime-time television specials, trains thousands of evangelists and missionaries, and publishes Decision magazine. A rapid-response team deploys chaplains to disaster areas.

Why it all came about remained a puzzle to Mr. Graham. In his autobiography, he wrote: “I have often said that the first thing I am going to do when I get to Heaven is ask: ‘Why me, Lord? Why did You choose a farmboy from North Carolina to preach to so many people, to have such a wonderful team of associates, and to have a part in what You were doing in the latter half of the 20th century?’ ”

“I have thought about that question a great deal,” he added, “but I know also that only God knows the answer.”

GRAHAM, Billy (William Franklin Graham Jr.)
Born: 11/7/2018, Charlotte, North Carolina, U.S.A.
Died: 2/21/2018, Montreat, North Carolina, U.S.A.

Billy Graham’s westerns – actor:
Mr. Texas – 1951 [himself]
The Ride – 1997 (voice on the radio)